History and Philosophy

Vision, anchored in time.

Witnessing the deep connection with the land, our company has its roots in agriculture and animal husbandry since the beginning of the 20th century, integrating viticulture since the 1950s.

Our aim to valorise indigenous terroirs, combined with a modern vision of traditional knowledge, led to the creation of a new winery in 2018.

Caleffi Cellars History

A vision born from the desire to leave a mark within the wine world by pursuing a new business model that combines the principles of sustainable agriculture with innovative wine hospitality.

It is an honour to be custodians of our roots, the foundation of the values that guide us in every phase of our work: operational excellence and value creation with our community stakeholders.

The vinification Art. Elevated to its essence.

"Set in a tongue of land between Mantua and Cremona, amidst the Unesco World Heritage renaissance architectural nuclei of the Gonzaga lands, Cantina Caleffi elevates an unique terroir with style, expressive purity and a biodynamic production philosophy".

Forbes

"The vast plain, which stretches from the slopes of the Alps in the direction from east to west as far as the Apennines, must have been much more depressed in ancient times than it appears today. [...] Since the time of the Roman Republic, the regions to the right of the Eridanus were occupied by vast marshes, as Strabo attests, writing:

"A large part (of that country) between the Po and the Po River was dominated by marshes, through which Hannibal could hardly open the way to Tuscany. Moreover, Scaurus, by deducting some ditches from the Po to the Parma countryside for the convenience of navigation, freed those fields from the marshes. [...]. "

It must appear as a very certain fact that the vast plain of those regions once formed the ancient bed of that river [...]..As to the marshy state in which the vast triangular basin between the Po and Oglio rivers lay in remote times, my opinion is also shared by the distinguished Canon. Provost Giancarlo Count Tiraboschi and the aforementioned learned Archpriest D. Luigi Mainoldi: the former of whom, speaking of Spineta, sensibly supposes its origin in the following way:

"It is true that more anciently still it must have been a little thing, that is to say, an aggregation of a few cottages, in which were gathered those few peasants who from the beginning helped to cultivate that land, to dry it and to defend it from the waters, which we now see collected in the small river nearby, known as the Canal, and which at that time, dispersed and irregular, flowed to discharge into the Oglio, and to clear it of those bushes and thorn bushes, which must have been in abundance there, from which the place probably took the name 'Spineta. ""

 Historical-critical memoir by Abbot Giovanni Romani, 1828

From the exceptional extract of historical memory of Abbot Giovanni Romani we find the genesis of the soil and climatic conditions of our land, located in the area called 'Le regone', in the heart of the Po Valley. We thus have memories of how over the centuries these ancient soils of alluvial origin were transformed into marvellous fertile soils that today host the cru of our vineyards.

The terroir in which they are located is characterised by a skeletal soil composition that favours a gradual and uniform percolation of water, guaranteeing the vines an ideal water supply. This aspect, combined with the presence of a generous water table, provides an essential water reserve for the well-being of the plants.

The combination of high acidity, a significant supply of organic substances and the variety of nitrogen-fixing leguminous plants provides a rich nutritional supply of trace elements, giving exceptional plant vitality and a distinctive profile to our musts. The humid microclimate, combined with the clay component of the soil, ensures regular hydration of the vines, promoting uniform development and ideal ripening of the grapes.

Our commitment to excellence and sustainability in the treatment of our soils is also embodied in an architectural approach to our vineyards aimed at optimising air circulation and minimising the persistence of moisture. This technique, characterised by inter-row planting and a significant inter-planting distance, creates an environment that minimises the risk of fungal diseases.

Furthermore, the adoption of significant grassing not only preserves the soil structure, but also promotes biodiversity and the presence of beneficial insects, fundamental elements for a balanced wine-growing ecosystem. To control harmful insects, we employ sophisticated pheromone traps and weather stations to constantly monitor environmental conditions, enabling precision viticulture. The use of Agriculture 4.0 paradigms and technologies has also led to a significant reduction in the use of phytosanitary treatments, demonstrating how the compendium of old and new knowledge is aimed at a responsible and future-oriented agriculture.

Our philosophy focuses on attention to detail at every stage of the plant's life cycle. We adopt green pruning of the vines, a meticulous method that concentrates energy on the best bunches, ensuring optimal yield and superior quality. This attention to detail continues during the harvest, where the grapes are picked and selected by hand, ensuring maximum integrity of the grapes.

Once harvested, the grapes are quickly transported to the cellar, where they are processed within a few hours. This timeliness reduce oxidation and premature fermentation, minimising the use of sulphites and preserving the freshness and purity of our wines. During the fermentation phase, we opt for the use of natural wooden vats rather than thermo-cooled tanks, creating a controlled environment that optimises the process without compromising the authenticity of our grapes.

'Wine is the song of the earth to the sky'

Luigi Veronelli

Our ageing rooms have been designed so that the temperature, humidity and ventilation parameters allow the indigenous yeasts in our wines to develop their course under ideal conditions. One of the distinctive features is the use of floating floors, designed to isolate the ageing process from external factors that could influence the quality of the final product.

Precision cooling and heating systems are integrated into the side walls and ceilings, ensuring a constant and homogenous temperature throughout the year. This thermal monitoring creates the ideal environment for the wines to develop, preserving freshness and aromatic complexity.

Moisture control is achieved by means of a natural evaporation system, consisting of a pit lined with coconut fibres, created so that the surface of the water table remains in contact with the river stones from which it is covered. This allows moisture to be conveyed and our Sardinian cork stoppers to maintain an ideal expansion, thus preserving their properties in an excellent way.

A compendium of details, principles and structural choices that constitute our tangible commitment to excellence.

For us, this means being custodians of the Art of Vinification. Elevating it to its Essence.

expand_less